Elderberry & Brain Health

Christopher J. Patton, MA, MBA
Founding Director

Please note: The following presentation summaries from the First International Symposium on ELDERBERRY held June 9-14, 2013 and hosted at Stoney Creek Inn, Columbia, MO by the University of Missouri. The first half of each entry quotes directly from the printed presentation abstracts provided by the authors in bold font. My personal evaluation of potential present and future relevance to elderberry growers and consumers of elder fruit and flower products follow each quotation in regular font.

Of course, in both cases a large amount of information has been left out due to my editorial objectives of reporting concise statements of key learnings. My selection of what was important represents my own experiential bias without intentional critique of anyone’s research. Also, I could not physically attend all presentations; therefore, some presentations will have more commentary due my including information derived from the questions and answers that occurred after each presentation.  All of the symposium’s papers have been published in a special edition of Acta Horticulturae.

See also the Medical Research page.

Some important terms:

  1. Hemorrhagic Strokes (Bleeds) Hemorrhagic stroke accounts for about 13 percent of stroke cases. It results from a weakened vessel that ruptures and bleeds into the surrounding brain. The blood accumulates and compresses the surrounding brain tissue. The two types of hemorrhagic strokes are intracerebral (within the brain) hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage. 
  2. Ischemic StrokeIschemic strokes occur as a result of an obstruction within a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain and accounts for about 87 percent of all cases.  The underlying condition for this type of obstruction is the development of fatty deposits lining the vessel walls.
  3. Microglia Microglia are a type of glial cell that are the resident macrophages of the brain and spinal cord, and thus act as the first and main form of active immune defense in the central nervous system (CNS).
  4. Pleiotropic producing more than one effect
  5. Proteomic Analysis - the large-scale study of proteins, particularly their structures and functions


This list of review articles will be under construction for some weeks.

Click here to print a pdf document containing all summaries on this page.

See also the Medical Research Notes.

© Midwest Elderberry Cooperative 2016